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NURS FPX 6618 Assessment 2 Mobilizing Care For An Immigrant Population

Student Name Capella University NURS-FPX 6618 Leadership in Care Coordination Prof. Name Date Mobilizing Care for an Immigrant Population The United States has long been a melting pot of cultures, drawing individuals from across the globe to pursue the American dream. The nation has benefited from the creativity and potential that immigrants bring and has, in part, built itself upon their contributions.  Approximately 14% of Americans are immigrants (American Immigration Council, 2021). The current assessment is based on developing a care coordination plan for the Mexican population, also referred to as Latinos and Hispanics. Rationale for Addressing Healthcare Needs for the Immigrant Population In understanding the healthcare needs of immigrant populations, the Mexican immigrant community stands out for the following reasons. The Mexican population is one of the largest immigrant populations residing in the United States, with a population ratio of 24% of the total immigrant population (Ward & Batalova, 2023). The Mexican population often faces challenges in accessing healthcare facilities within the country, resulting in poor healthcare experiences compared to other ethical and racial groups. This community shares a high percentage of chronic conditions such as diabetes within the population, serving approximately 14.4% of the diabetes prevalence within the community. The Office of Minority Health (2021) reports that Hispanics are 70 percent more likely to be diagnosed with diabetes than non-Hispanics. Furthermore, the number of medical insurance policies is comparatively smaller within the Mexican community. Therefore, the population is at high risk of developing chronic health conditions, requiring immediate care coordination plans for addressing their healthcare needs. The selection criteria used to opt out for a population are 1) researching most immigrant populations in the United States, 2) identifying the largest immigrant population within the Virginia community, 3) analyzing the population with higher healthcare issues. Applying this criterion resulted in the selection of the Mexican population.  Assessing the Healthcare Needs  SWOT analysis was utilized to assess the needs of the Mexican population. The strengths of the Mexican community lie in their adaptability and resilience, as many Mexicans have shown resilience in accessing healthcare regardless of language barriers and immigration status. Similarly, this population cultivates a strong sense of community and a support system that helps individuals navigate the healthcare system and access resources. According to the CDC (n.d), Mexicans are more inclined toward helping their community and fostering collaboration. The potential weaknesses within the community are healthcare disparities, including higher chronic illness rates, lower insurance, and language and cultural barriers that significantly hinder adequate access and communication. Research has recognized that a social disadvantage that many Latinos face is associated with ethnic disparities, which include a lack of education attainment, inadequate health insurance coverage, immigration status, barriers associated with English proficiency, financial difficulties, and immigration status (Oh et al., 2020). These challenges also present several opportunities, such as improving healthcare for Mexican patients through culturally competent training, overcoming language barriers, and increasing access to health insurance. However, deportation and the refusal of hospitals to treat undocumented patients pose severe threats to these people. Participating Organizations and Stakeholders in Care Coordination The National Alliance for Hispanic Health (NAHH) has launched a partnership with many national organizations, such as the American College of Cardiology, the American Hospital Association, the American Heart Association, and the American Diabetes Association, to increase the availability and access to healthcare practices for chronic conditions to serve the Hispanic community. Similarly, to overcome the language barriers, the organization has partnered with the Spanish language media to create an international bilingual update, “Alliance’s Bilingual National Hispanic Family Helpline,” to increase awareness of the population’s health status. Furthermore, the organization intends to provide culturally competent training and integrated healthcare services to help providers improve their practices and provide more personalized care to Hispanics (Office of Minority Health, 2020). The stakeholders that aim to be involved are physicians, nurses, pharmacists, case managers, telehealth specialists, health workers, mental health practitioners, policymakers, and health educators, who will be responsible for spreading awareness and providing culturally competent care. The environmental and provider capabilities help manage the healthcare needs of Hispanics. The environmental capabilities that may hinder their access to care are lower average incomes, language and cultural barriers, and undocumented individuals. However, the NAHH (2020) has developed policies that address the risk of chronic illness and has partnered with associations to improve access to healthcare, while the bilingual family helplines tend to remove language barriers that reduce the likelihood of care practices. Within the provider’s capabilities, cultural competency, bilingual staff and information available, mental health inclusion, and community center care can be involved to improve the care practices. Characteristics of the Population The Hispanic population in the U.S. accounts for the most significant portion of immigrants. In 2021, reports have highlighted that almost 37.2 million Mexicans live in the United States. From the point of view of demographics, most of the population predominantly communicates in Spanish, as evident from a survey that found that around 71% of Hispanics primarily speak Spanish at home.  Furthermore, other governmental data highlights that around 6% of the Mexican population is fluent in English, while most need to be proficient in English. This underscores the prominent language barrier within the community, which significantly impedes access to healthcare. Also, the mean age of the Mexican residing population in the U.S. is 46 years old, highlighting that Mexican individuals lie in the age group where healthcare assistance and insurance are essential (Rosenbloom & Batalova, 2022). NURS FPX 6618 Assessment 2 Mobilizing Care For An Immigrant Population Similarly, the Census Bureau data highlights that the ratio of Hispanics holding a degree is comparatively lower than that of non-Hispanics. The Mexican population has low educational attainment rates, leading to a potential health literacy lag and a lack of healthcare assistance (Rosenbloom & Batalova, 2022). Similarly, the report further highlighted that Hispanics have a higher uninsurance rate than any other racial or ethnic group. The Migration Policy Institute further highlighted that the Mexican population also has the most extensive account for the