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NHS FPX 6008 Assessment 2 Needs Analysis for Change

Student Name Capella University NHS-FPX 6008 Economics and Decision Making in Health Care Professor Name Date Need Analysis for Change In this assessment, the need analysis for change will highlight the vast and emerging healthcare economic issue of limited access to care for Tampa General Hospital, Florida. With adequate access to care, community health and the economy will be improved. Moreover, vulnerable populations of low socioeconomic backgrounds or people encountering geographical barriers often face health disparities and diminished access to healthcare services and treatment. Therefore, addressing this primary healthcare concern and analyzing how to improve access to care for the general population and particularly vulnerable groups is paramount. This will predict outcomes and opportunities for growth once the proposed changes are analyzed and implemented. Summary of Healthcare Economic Issue The chosen healthcare economic issue is limited access to healthcare. The availability of healthcare services and adequate access to them can potentially treat diseases timely and prevent their long-term impacts on patients. However, in Tampa General Hospital, the access to care is a tremendous issue. Many nations face this healthcare issue globally, where hundreds of millions lack access to care due to poverty and inability to bear healthcare expenses (World Health Organization, n.d.). This issue profoundly impacted my work, organizational functionality, colleagues, and community.  Having witnessed this issue in my healthcare organization, I was deeply impacted by this heinous healthcare economic issue. I could not function properly watching impoverished people lack basic healthcare necessities due to costly treatments and medical bills. Moreover, the diverse group populations facing limited access to healthcare due to geographical barriers were dying due to ill management of chronic disease. The existence of health disparities and geographical barriers in accessing care made me sad and confused, which impacted my nursing practice. I made a few errors that were fortunately recovered promptly. My colleagues had similar feelings, and their minds were boggling due to limited access to healthcare services. NHS FPX 6008 Assessment 2 Needs Analysis for Change Moreover, my organization encountered the aftermaths of this healthcare economic issue, including higher costs due to enhanced hospital readmission rates and declining reputation. The community was the most affected body, particularly those with low socioeconomic status and living in remote areas. This issue caused them various health problems, including poor management of chronic conditions, delayed diagnoses, further increasing costs to their treatments, and increased length of hospital stay. The rationale for pursuing this issue is my inspiration from my experience of witnessing people suffer due to limited access to care. Furthermore, adequate access to care is the right of every citizen regardless of their location and socioeconomic status. Therefore, I strongly advocate the need for analysis for change on this peculiar topic impacting millions of lives and their health. The gaps contributing to the need for addressing this healthcare economic issue are geographic disparities and socioeconomic barriers. These gaps must be adequately addressed to change the system to improve access to care for all citizens. Socioeconomic or Diversity Disparities The healthcare economic issue of lack of adequate access to care particularly impacts low-income populations, where people suffer from financial constraints and cannot bear basic health necessities. The lower-income populations tend to suffer various health inequalities as they cannot manage the healthcare costs and remain unserved. This leads to limited access to basic healthcare services and worsening health outcomes due to unmanaged health conditions (Mishra et al., 2021).  Moreover, people from remote areas and underserved communities are vulnerable groups who encounter diversity disparities. Due to geographical barriers, people often neglect seeking medical care, and delay required health checkups. The limited access to care for people living in remote areas significantly hinders regular health checkups (Nguyen et al., 2020). Moreover, health disparities persist for people with disabilities due to a lack of accommodations and specialized services, causing physical barriers to accessing care (Doherty et al., 2020). The health disparities, particularly for these groups, necessitate changes in healthcare systems to enhance access to these groups so their health outcomes can be improved. Evidence-Based Sources for the Need to Address Issue and Implementation Plans Limited access to healthcare services has been a global issue, as WHO states that half of the global population lacks access to primary care services (World Health Organization, n.d.). Consequently, several evidence-based research studies address this primary health concern, aiming to provide adequate healthcare services to all populations, including vulnerable groups. According to McMaughan et al. (2020), limited access to care in lower-income people can increase morbidity rates, resulting in further poverty and reduced access to care. In addition, another study emphasized the need for improved healthcare access for rural populations as they face significant challenges in obtaining essential healthcare services. Specifically, rural populations are less affluent, sick, and older, with poorer health outcomes (Wilson et al., 2020). Similarly, a study highlights the pressing need for health equity and enhanced access to care for socially and culturally marginalized young people. The presence of multiple discriminations and access barriers such as cost, service locations, gender and racial differences, and confidentiality concerns have severely impacted low-income and homeless young people living in rural areas (Robards et al., 2019). This has resulted in poor health outcomes affecting their life at a young age. The potential changes and implementation plans based on research are highlighted in one of the studies by Jeste et al. (2020), where it is advocated to increase access to healthcare and educational services for disabled individuals through videoconference sessions and telehealth services to meet their medical, educational, and health needs adequately (Jeste et al., 2020). NHS FPX 6008 Assessment 2 Needs Analysis for Change Literature also supports procuring rural-based solutions to provide care to rural populations closer to home and narrow health disparities (Wilson et al., 2020). This can be achieved by integrating telehealth services and social media to improve health literacy and involve professionals. Through telehealth, vulnerable population groups will acquire healthcare consultations, care treatments, and education with better access overcoming geographical and financial barriers to travelling to