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NURS FPX 4060 Assessment 2 Community Resources

Student Name Capella University NURS FPX 4060 Practicing in the Community to Improve Population Health Prof. Name Date Community Resources: World Health Organization The World Health Organization (WHO), a specialized agency within the United Nations, focuses on addressing global public health issues. Since its establishment in 1948, the WHO has played a vital role in tackling various health challenges and fostering well-being worldwide. The organization primarily targets the prevention and control of infectious diseases, the fortification of health systems, and the promotion of fair access to healthcare services. This report intends to offer a comprehensive examination of how the WHO contributes to the enhancement of public health and safety, supports equal opportunities, and improves the quality of life in communities across the globe. Additionally, the report will delve into the organization’s mission and vision, its strategies for surmounting health equity barriers, and the potential consequences of funding sources, policies, and legislation on its service provision. Mission, Vision, and Public Health and Safety Improvements The WHO’s mission, to build a better, healthier future for people globally, and its vision, ensuring that all people enjoy the highest possible level of health, drive the organization’s focus on public health and safety improvements. These guiding principles enable the WHO to develop and implement a wide range of initiatives that target various aspects of public health, from infectious diseases to non-communicable conditions (Rudnicka et al., 2020). An initiative that exemplifies the organization’s adherence to its mission and vision is the WHO’s Mental Health Action Plan 2013-2030. This plan is designed to foster mental well-being, prevent mental disorders, offer care, facilitate recovery, and decrease morbidity, disability, and mortality associated with mental health conditions. The plan outlines four primary objectives (WHO, 2022): NURS FPX 4060 Assessment 2 Community Resources By concentrating on these objectives, the Mental Health Action Plan demonstrates the WHO’s commitment to advancing public health and safety in accordance with its mission and vision. The plan recognizes the necessity for a comprehensive approach to mental health, which encompasses not only the treatment of mental disorders but also the promotion of mental well-being and prevention of mental health issues (Abdulmalik et al., 2019). The execution of the Mental Health Action Plan has resulted in heightened awareness, increased capacity-building, and better mental health services in numerous countries. This initiative has positively impacted the lives of millions, aligning with the organization’s broader goals and contributing to the global push for public health and safety (Evans-Lacko et al., 2019). Promoting Equal Opportunity and Improving Quality of Life The WHO’s capacity to foster equal opportunity and enhance the quality of life in communities is demonstrated by its all-encompassing approach to addressing the social, cultural, economic, and physical barriers that affect health equity. The organization formulates and executes various strategies and programs aimed at reducing these barriers and their consequences for both the organization and the communities it supports. Social barriers The WHO acknowledges the influence of social determinants on health, such as education, social support, and employment. As a result, it established the Commission on Social Determinants of Health (CSDH), which produced the report “Closing the Gap in a Generation: Health Equity Through Action on the Social Determinants of Health.” This report offers evidence-based suggestions for combating health disparities and serves as a resource for governments and organizations worldwide. One recommendation involves the establishment of universal health coverage (UHC), which guarantees that all people and communities can access quality healthcare services without encountering financial difficulties. Another proposal entails creating culturally sensitive health initiatives that acknowledge and accommodate the varied cultural backgrounds of the populations being served. By concentrating on these approaches, the WHO efficiently tackles health inequalities and acts as a crucial resource for governments and organizations globally in their endeavors to advocate for equal opportunity and enhance the quality of life in their communities (Clifford, 2022). Cultural barriers The WHO recognizes the impact of cultural factors on health-seeking behaviors and access to healthcare services. A notable example is the organization’s work on reducing mental health stigma. The WHO endorses initiatives such as the Quality Rights program, which aims to alter attitudes and behaviors towards mental health conditions, ensuring that individuals with mental health issues are treated with dignity and respect while accessing culturally appropriate care (Fam et al., 2021). Economic barriers Economic factors, including income and financial limitations, greatly influence healthcare access. The WHO’s emphasis on Universal Health Coverage (UHC) addresses this concern by working to ensure that all individuals and communities have access to quality health services without encountering financial hardship. The UHC initiative incorporates elements such as access to a comprehensive range of health services, financial risk protection, and equity in access to care, aiming to eliminate disparities in healthcare availability and accessibility (Ahmed et al., 2023). Physical barriers Geographical remoteness and lack of transportation can hinder access to healthcare services. The WHO supports initiatives that bring healthcare services closer to underserved communities. One example is the Integrated Community Case Management (iCCM) strategy, which trains community health workers to diagnose and treat common illnesses, such as pneumonia, diarrhea, and malaria, in hard-to-reach areas. By empowering local health workers, the iCCM strategy ensures that even remote communities can access essential healthcare services, thus contributing to overall health equity and improved quality of life (Clifford, 2022). Impact of Funding Sources, Policy, and Legislation The WHO’s funding sources, policy, and legislation play a crucial role in shaping its service delivery and consequently the overall health outcomes for communities worldwide. An in-depth analysis of these factors highlights the possible consequences of funding decisions, policy, and legislation on the well-being of community members. Funding Sources The WHO receives funding from various sources, including government, non-governmental organizations, private sector partners, and philanthropic organizations. These funding sources can influence the organization’s priorities, potentially leading to certain areas receiving more attention and resources than others. For instance, in the past, the WHO has faced criticism for prioritizing specific diseases, like HIV/AIDS, over broader public health concerns, such as strengthening health systems. This can lead to