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NURS FPX 8045 Assessment 5 Nursing Project Proposal & Communication Assessment

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    NURS FPX 8045 Assessment 5 Nursing Project Proposal & Communication Assessment

    Student Name

    Capella University

    NURS-FPX 8045 Doctoral Writing and Professional Practice

    Prof. Name

    Date

    Nursing Project Proposal & Communication Assessment 

    Synthesis of Obesity Evidence: An Overview

    Obesity is a multifaceted, progressive, and persistent chronic condition characterized by abnormal or excessive body fat, with adverse implications for health and well-being. Acknowledged as an escalating epidemic, obesity is defined by a body mass index (BMI) between 25 and 30 kg m^−2, and morbid obesity is classified as a BMI of 30 kg m^−2 or higher. The prevalence of obesity in the United States has increased from 4.6% in 1980 to 14.0% in 2019, affecting 42% of adults and contributing to healthcare expenditures of $3.8 trillion in 2019. Despite being recognized as a chronic disease, obesity remains significantly underdiagnosed and undertreated.

    This synthesis critically examines five articles related to obesity prevalence, incorporating a comprehensive table in the appendix and scrutinizing evidence for proposing an obesity-related project. The selected research articles include a 2022 update on obesity epidemiology by Boutari and Mantzoros (2022), a study on misalignment in perceptions, reality, and actions in obesity by Caterson et al. (2019), a systematic review and synthesis of qualitative studies on the lived experience of people with obesity by Farrell et al. (2021), a meta-analysis on sedentary behavior and physical inactivity by Silveira et al. (2022), and a study on trends in general and abdominal obesity in US adults by Sun et al. (2022).

    NURS FPX 8045 Assessment 5 Nursing Project Proposal & Communication Assessment

    The critical literature review reveals an escalating prevalence of obesity over the past decade, accompanied by musculoskeletal complications, metabolic effects, and an increased risk of various malignancies. Caterson et al. (2019) underscores the gap in care for obese patients, emphasizing the necessity for interventions beyond lifestyle changes. Silveira et al. (2022) highlights the prevalence of sedentary behavior and physical inactivity in individuals with obesity, suggesting screening for readiness to change. Farrell et al. (2021) emphasizes the lived experience of people with obesity, advocating for a holistic approach to address the complexities of this chronic disease. Sun et al. (2022) examines trends in general and abdominal obesity, reaffirming the persistent burden of obesity in the US.

    In conclusion, this synthesis underscores the urgency of addressing the obesity epidemic, emphasizing the need for comprehensive interventions beyond lifestyle changes. Understanding the lived experience of individuals with obesity and recognizing the impact of sedentary behavior are crucial aspects of developing effective strategies. The synthesis highlights the importance of a multifaceted approach to tackle the complexities of obesity and improve patient outcomes.

    References

    Boutari, C., & Mantzoros, C. S. (2022). A 2022 update on the epidemiology of obesity and a call to action: As its twin COVID-19 pandemic appears to be receding, the obesity and dysmetabolism pandemic continues to rage on. Metabolism, 133, 155217.

    Caterson, I. D., Alfadda, A. A., Auerbach, P., Coutinho, W., Cuevas, A., Dicker, D., Hughes, C., Iwabu, M., Kang, J., Nawar, R., Reynoso, R., Rhee, N., Rigas, G., Salvador, J., Sbraccia, P., Vázquez‐Velázquez, V., & Halford, J. C. (2019). Gaps to bridge: Misalignment between perception, reality and actions in obesity. Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism, 21(8), 1914–1924.

    Farrell, E., Bustillo, M., le Roux, C. W., Nadglowski, J., Hollmann, E., & McGillicuddy, D. (2021). The lived experience of people with obesity: Study protocol for a systematic review and synthesis of qualitative studies. Systematic Reviews, 10(1).

    Silveira, E., Mendonça, C., Delpino, F., Elias Souza, G., Pereira de Souza Rosa, L., de Oliveira, C., & Noll, M. (2022). Sedentary behavior, physical inactivity, abdominal obesity and obesity in adults and older adults: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Clinical Nutrition ESPEN, 50, 63–73.

    Sun, J.-Y., Huang, W.-J., Hua, Y., Qu, Q., Cheng, C., Liu, H.-L., Kong, X.-Q., Ma, Y.-X., & Sun, W. (2022). Trends in general and abdominal obesity in US adults: Evidence from the national health and nutrition examination survey (2001–2018). Frontiers in Public Health, 10.

    NURS FPX 8045 Assessment 5 Nursing Project Proposal & Communication Assessment

    CitationConceptual FrameworkDesign/MethodSample/SettingMajor Variables Studied and their DefinitionsMeasurementData AnalysisFindingsAppraisal: Worth to Practice
    Boutari, C., & Mantzoros, C. (2022). European Regional Report on Obesity by WHO (May 2022).Boutari & Mantzoros (2022): Evaluation division of the world into six regions: African, Americas, Eastern Mediterranean, European, South East Asian, and Western Pacific.Boutari & Mantzoros (2022): Analysis of preexisting data.Boutari & Mantzoros (2022): European Regional Report on Obesity by WHO (May 2022).Boutari & Mantzoros (2022): BMI > 25 kg/m² and obesity > 30 kg/m², age, gender (M/F), location.Boutari & Mantzoros (2022): WHO definition of overweight, prevalence rates (%) of overweight and obesity by sex, age, and region between 1980 and 2019.Boutari & Mantzoros (2022): Analysis of preexisting data.Boutari & Mantzoros (2022): America has one of the highest obesity rates. Prevalence higher in women. Increases with age up to 50-65 years. The age-standardized prevalence of obesity increased from 4.6% in 1980 to 14.0% in 2019.Boutari & Mantzoros (2022): – (Not specified).
    Caterson, I., et al. (2019). ACTIONIO study – Cross-sectional, noninterventional.Caterson et al. (2019): Adults with obesity and HCPs; Obesity considered a chronic disease.Caterson et al. (2019): Online survey in 11 countries; ACTIONIO study – Cross-sectional, noninterventional.Caterson et al. (2019): Adults with obesity and HCPs; 19,700 completed surveys.Caterson et al. (2019): BMI > 25 kg/m² and obesity > 30 kg/m², age, gender (M/F).Caterson et al. (2019): PwO assumed full responsibility for weight loss (81%), obesity considered a chronic disease by 68% of PwO and 88% of HCPs.Caterson et al. (2019): – (Not specified).Caterson et al. (2019): Obesity is a chronic disease; most PwO assume responsibility for weight loss.Caterson et al. (2019): – (Not specified).
    Silveira, E. A., et al. (2022). Investigate prevalence/incidence of sedentary behavior and physical inactivity: Systematic review and meta-analysis.Silveira et al. (2022): Associations between sedentary behavior, physical inactivity, and obesity.Silveira et al. (2022): Systematic review and meta-analysis.Silveira et al. (2022): 23 studies involving 638,000 adults.Silveira et al. (2022): BMI > 25 kg/m² and obesity > 30 kg/m², age, gender (M/F).Silveira et al. (2022): PRISMA guidelines followed.Silveira et al. (2022): Prevalence of sedentary behavior and physical inactivity. Associations with obesity found.Silveira et al. (2022): Obesity screening recommended for BMI ≥ 30.Silveira et al. (2022): – (Not specified).
    Farrell, K., et al. (2021). Synthesis of qualitative studies: Comprehensive literature search.Farrell et al. (2021): Lived experience of people with obesity; Obesity is a complex chronic disease.Farrell et al. (2021): Synthesis of qualitative studies; Comprehensive literature search.Farrell et al. (2021): Adults with obesity (BMI > 30).Farrell et al. (2021): BMI > 30.Farrell et al. (2021): Qualitative studies extracted independently by two researchers.Farrell et al. (2021): Lived experience of people with obesity. Obesity is a complex chronic disease.Farrell et al. (2021): This article defines a need for obesity screenings in primary care.Farrell et al. (2021): – (Not specified).
    Sun, Z., et al. (2022). Investigate trend in general and abdominal obesity in US adults: Complex stratified multistage-clustered sampling design.Sun et al. (2022): Investigation of trends in general and abdominal obesity in US adults.Sun et al. (2022): Complex stratified multistage-clustered sampling design.Sun et al. (2022): 44,184 adults from NHANES.Sun et al. (2022): Weight, height, BMI.Sun et al. (2022): Weighted sex-specific logistic regression models.Sun et al. (2022): General and abdominal obesity prevalence. Increasing trend in both males and females.Sun et al. (2022): General and abdominal obesity are a heavy health burden among US adults.Sun et al. (2022): – (Not specified).