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NURS FPX 6218 Assessment 2 Assessing Community Health Care Needs

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    NURS FPX 6218 Assessment 2 Assessing Community Health Care Needs

    Student Name

    Capella University

    NURS-FPX 6218 Leading the Future of Health Care

    Prof. Name


    Assessment of Community Health Care Needs

    In community health settings, it is imperative to identify the community’s health needs before planning their health promotion programs. This is performed through community health assessment, described by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) as a structured approach to analyzing public needs, developing interventions and programs, and executing them to address specific concerns. This community health assessment focuses on the Jordan community, which is a small town in the Minnesota countryside. The methods used for the identification of health needs of the community care windshield surveys and environmental analysis.

    Executive Summary

    General Condition and Public Health Needs

    The windshield survey conducted for Jordan, which is a small town in Minnesota identified a City Hall, which was built in 1885 and fulfills the motto of Jordan city, “warm country feeling, minutes from the cities,” This hall is used as a venue for various events and programs within the city. Next, we see some schools almost in nearby to each other. Jordan’s middle school is adjacent to the Community Education and Recreation Center (CERC), and it is a student and family-friendly campus. Moreover, the city has a high school and an elementary school with respective subjects for specific grades, and a public library is founded as well.

    #The survey reveals a social determinant that most people in Jordan undertake post-secondary education. Other than the educational sector, we observed many refugee camps throughout our drive which were managed by Jordan’s government and private partnerships together. Along with this, we drove by a food shelter which is run by 100 volunteers, feeding 20 families per weekend. Additionally, we observed a health services center that is 10 minutes away from the town. The center provides services for outpatient clinics, inpatient, and emergency care. Other tertiary care hospitals are available outside Jordan town by 15 mins drive.

    NURS FPX 6218 Assessment 2 Assessing Community Health Care Needs

    Within the area, there are small dentistry, chiropractic, and family medicine clinics available. The beauty of the town lies in its widespread recreational parks, dine-in areas, and shopping streets, for which it is famous. Our survey identified certain areas with crowded streets due to shopping stores and large buildings, which were negatively impacting the traffic and transportation system. It is estimated that the traffic volume will significantly increase by 2025. Some of the public health needs identified were healthcare accessibility and preventive care services as tertiary hospitals are away from the town. Moreover, health disparities were observed due to a diversified population, which also led to mental health problems. The limitations of our survey included a lack of resources, limited time, and the reluctance of people to provide detailed information. 

    Environmental Analysis

    The environmental analysis of the Jordan community is performed using the SWOT technique. This is an acronym for strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats. It is an analysis used to evaluate the internal and external factors of an organization or community (Teoli et al., 2022). The survey and the analysis of environmental factors in the Jordan community identified several health needs of the population. Some environmental factors that affect the population’s health are a rapid increase in the number of residents, limited healthcare facilities, growing traffic and transportation problems, and excessive dine-out places, which leads to poor nutrition.

    According to Universal Health Coverage, undocumented refugees can access healthcare services in their residence country (Onarheim et al., 2018). However, the rising population in Jordan is leading to healthcare disparities, significantly impacting the refugees, as limited healthcare coverage is implemented for the underserved population. Another environmental factor that impedes population health is the increasing demand for business and residential areas, which impacts the traffic and transportation system of the town. The increasing traffic volume can lead to pollution and other health risks like cardiopulmonary problems.

    Population facing these health problems may require emergency services unavailable within the town and may require commuting to tertiary hospitals, which can increase the financial burden on the individuals, delay diagnosis and treatment, limit access to tertiary care services, and, in severe cases may increase mortality rate. Lastly, the excessive number of restaurants in Jordan town gives rise to poor nutrition as a population health concern. This food may contain unhygienic contents, which may lead to several diseases. Studies have revealed that there are increasing risks associated with the food supply chain due to inadequate food safety checks and the use of poor nutritional items (Gizaw, 2019). 

    Social Determinants of Health 

    The critical social determinants of health for the Jordanian community include population, housing facilities, employment, education, and healthcare access. The current population of the community is about 7000 people, with about 2500 housing facilities. Along with this, the employed individuals are around 2200. With the predicted rising population to reach 12,000 in 2040, the housing facilities are expected to reach 4700, with only a minimal increase in employment projections. This suggests that increasing population may lead to negative outcomes on individual employment and the overall economy of the community.Limited financial resources may impede the process of healthcare accessibility for community members as individuals may be prevented from receiving care.

    Moreover, this may also prevent them from utilizing insurance packages, ultimately building up healthcare costs (Coombs et al., 2022). As far as education is concerned, 34% of the population are high-school graduates (City of Jordan, Minnesota, 2015). The high level of education within the community is connected with increased literacy and awareness about health issues, which plays a significant role in improving the community’s health. In terms of healthcare access, the community is facing challenges due to the increasing population and limited available services. These challenges may lead to growing healthcare concerns within the community. The assumption of this analysis is that increasing population limits the available resources. However, the uncertain points are pandemic/epidemic situations, which may further aggravate the community’s resource needs, impeding smooth processing. 


    In conclusion, we identified various health risks present in the Jordan population, which include limited healthcare access, transportation problems, and the risk of acquiring several diseases. Based on the SWOT analysis, we can conclude that Jordan has a lot of threats and weaknesses. However, there are particular strengths and opportunities which the population can effectively utilize. Recreational parks are one of the assets that can be used for motivating healthy lifestyles and improving well-being within the community (Petrunoff et al., 2021).

    Worship places and educational sectors can provide education on the health risks and benefits of using healthy guidelines. Moreover, the government should work to build hospitals within the town to avoid transportation and improve healthcare accessibility. The public transport system should be made applicable and rules should be applied for the community to use public transport rather than private vehicles to reduce traffic influx and decrease climatic changes and health risks related to pollution (Nerhagen et al., 2023). These possible changes will ensure that the community remains at the lowest risk for health problems and lead a quality life. 


    City of Jordan, Minnesota. (2015, November 30). Economic development. City of Jordan, Minnesota. 

    Coombs, N. C., Campbell, D. G., & Caringi, J. (2022). A qualitative study of rural healthcare providers’ views of social, cultural, and programmatic barriers to healthcare access. BMC Health Services Research22(1), 438. 

    Gizaw, Z. (2019). Public health risks related to food safety issues in the food market: A systematic literature review. Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine24(1), 68. 

    Nerhagen, L., Brandt, D., & Mortazavi, R. (2023). Use of public transport as a means to reach national climate objectives—On the importance of accounting for spatial differences and costs. Transport Policy131, 56–65. 

    NURS FPX 6218 Assessment 2 Assessing Community Health Care Needs

    Onarheim, K. H., Melberg, A., Meier, B. M., & Miljeteig, I. (2018). Towards universal health coverage: Including undocumented migrants. BMJ Global Health3(5), e001031.

    Petrunoff, N. A., Yi, N. X., Dickens, B., Sia, A., Koo, J., Cook, A. R., Lin, W. H., Ying, L., Hsing, A. W., van Dam, R. M., & Müller-Riemenschneider, F. (2021). Associations of park access, park use and physical activity in parks with wellbeing in an Asian urban environment: A cross-sectional study. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity18(1), 87. 

    Teoli, D., Sanvictores, T., & An, J. (2022). SWOT Analysis. In StatPearls. StatPearls Publishing. 


    Table 1: Windshield Survey and Environmental Analysis

    CategoryQuestionsObservations and ImpressionsSWOT CategoryReferences
    Community SizeHow population size impacts the health needs of the community? Almost 7000 people are living in Jordan, which is expected to increase by 150 people each year. This increasing community size increases the urbanization demands which lead to several health problems. WeaknessCity of Jordan, Minnesota (2015). 
    PopulationHow population affects health care needs?The population consists of several refugees from Syria, which may impede the Universal Health Coverage law and demands for increasing healthcare facilities and resources. WeaknessCity of Jordan, Minnesota (2015).
    AgeWhat is the age group of the population and what health risk it imposes? The majority of the population is below 40, which means that the community needs healthcare services for the younger population. This age group is at high risk for getting involved in addictive practices, mental health issues, unsafe sexual practices, and may have poor nutritional habits. These are significant risk factors for poor health outcomes. Weakness + StrengthCity of Jordan, Minnesota (2015).
    Health IssuesWhat are the major health concerns identified within the community? Major health concerns identified are limited accessibility, diseases like cardiopulmonary problems, nutritional problems, and mental health issues. WeaknessCity of Jordan, Minnesota (2015).
    Health Care ServicesWhat type of healthcare services are available for the population? Jordan has small dentistry, chiropractic, and family medicine clinics available within the town. Tertiary medical services including emergency care are available at a 10-15 mins drive distance from the town. Strength + Weakness Vila Health: Environmental Analysis and Windshield Survey Simulation.
    City of Jordan, Minnesota (2015).
    Worship PlacesWhat role do worship places play in improving a community’s health? Worship places are points of social interaction for people. Moreover, small awareness sessions can be conducted under the supervision of healthcare leaders to inform people about their healthcare needs and how to improve them. StrengthVila Health: Environmental Analysis and Windshield Survey Simulation.
    Schools/CollegesHow does the educational sector play a role in improving health care? The literacy rate in the community is high as most of the people pursue post-secondary education. Thus, schools and universities can be utilized as a platform to increase awareness about healthy lifestyles. Additionally, a healthy environment can be promoted through schools by providing spaces for physical activities and good nutrition. Strength Vila Health: Environmental Analysis and Windshield Survey Simulation.
    City of Jordan, Minnesota (2015).
    Businesses/BuildingsHow do growing businesses impact public health? Increasing market demands increase the opportunities for job seekers. This will improve their quality of life and awareness about being healthy. Moreover, the community will tend to invest in their healthcare insurance coverage by earning adequately.
    However, growing business lead to urbanization which further brings health risks for the population. 
    Strength + Weakness. Vila Health: Environmental Analysis and Windshield Survey Simulation.
    City of Jordan, Minnesota (2015).

    Restaurants/Food markets How do restaurants affect population health?  Excessive availability of restaurants in the town gives rise to poor nutritional habits as a population health concern which may increase the burden of several diseases. Weakness Vila Health: Environmental Analysis and Windshield Survey Simulation. 
    City of Jordan, Minnesota (2015).
    Recreational areasHow do recreational areas affect public health? Recreational parks and green spaces can be utilized for the promotion and implementation of healthy lifestyle habits within the populationStrength Vila Health: Environmental Analysis and Windshield Survey Simulation.
    City of Jordan, Minnesota (2015).
    Transportation/TrafficHow do traffic and transportation affect the health of people? The increasing population is giving rise to traffic volume thus increasing problems related to pollution and climatic changes. However, encouraging the use of widespread public transport in the town can lead to improvements in the climate and health outcomes. Weakness + StrengthVila Health: Environmental Analysis and Windshield Survey Simulation.
    City of Jordan, Minnesota (2015).