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NURS FPX 5005 Assessment 2 Quantitative and Qualitative Research Publication Critique

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    NURS FPX 5005 Assessment 2 Quantitative and Qualitative Research Publication Critique

    Student Name

    Capella University

    NURS-FPX 5005 Introduction to Nursing Research, Ethics, and Technology

    Prof. Name

    Date

    Quantitative and Qualitative Research Publication Critique

    The assessment of quantitative and qualitative research involves a detailed exploration and evaluation of each methodology. Qualitative research focuses on a thorough examination of new ideas and experiences, while quantitative research is concerned with measuring variables and testing hypotheses. This critique evaluates the strengths and weaknesses of a quantitative research study on falls among older patients and explores its ethical implications, while also considering the significance of both qualitative and quantitative research for patient care decision-making.

    Strengths and Weaknesses of the Quantitative Research Study

    Title: The Impact of Activity Mediation on Diminishing the Fall Hazard in Older Adults: A Meta-Examination of Randomized Controlled Trials

    In this quantitative study, a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) is employed to investigate the effects of exercise interventions on reducing falls among older adults. The study demonstrates strength in its comprehensive scope, rigorous methodology based on meta-analysis, clear findings supporting the effectiveness of exercise interventions, and practical implications for exercise frequency and intensity. The study’s weaknesses include potential limitations in capturing the complete effects of interventions, lack of consideration for comorbidities and economic circumstances, and reliance on self-reported data.

    Ethically, the study adheres to principles of informed consent, protection from risks, and respect for autonomy. The Belmont principles of respect, beneficence, and justice are integral to ethical standards, ensuring participant safety and fairness in the distribution of resources and services.

    Significance of the Research Problem

    The quantitative research addresses falls among older patients, a critical issue impacting health and economy. Approximately 30% of individuals over 65 experience falls annually, with associated healthcare costs of nearly $50 billion. The study provides evidence-based practices that, if integrated into healthcare policies, can enhance the quality of life for older patients.

    Evaluation of Quantitative Study

    The research informs decisions for older patients, showcasing the effectiveness of exercise interventions in reducing fall risks. Integrating these evidence-based practices into healthcare policies can prevent physical and mental harm associated with falls. However, the study could be improved by comparing the proposed intervention with other fall prevention strategies and incorporating patient perspectives and economic factors.

    Strengths and Weaknesses of the Qualitative Research Study

    Title: Put it to work, or it will quit working for you: A Subjective Investigation of The Support of Active Work in Older Adults

    The qualitative study focuses on physical inactivity among older adults, employing a thematic analysis approach. Strengths include insights into activity levels during interventions, exploration of health benefits, facilitators, barriers, and technology use in maintaining physical activity. Weaknesses include a small focus group size, limited geographic scope, and lack of exploration of economic impacts on physical activity maintenance. Ethically, the study received approval, ensured informed consent, and prioritized participant well-being.

    Significance of the Research Problem

    The qualitative research addresses global concerns about physical inactivity in older adults, emphasizing its importance for physical and mental well-being. Physical activity can mitigate the risk of chronic diseases and improve the overall quality of life for older adults.

    Conclusion

    Quantitative and qualitative research analyses are essential for a comprehensive examination of research problems. The strengths, weaknesses, and ethical considerations of each methodology contribute to a nuanced understanding of falls among older patients. Integrating evidence-based practices from both types of research can enhance patient care decision-making.

    References

    Bhandari, P. (2021). A guide to ethical considerations in research. Scribbr. https://www.scribbr.com/methodology/research-ethics/

    Cunningham, C., & O’Sullivan, R. (2020). Why physical activity matters for older adults in a time of pandemic. European Review of Aging and Physical Activity, 17(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s11556-020-00249-3

    Cunningham, C., O’Sullivan, R., Caserotti, P., & Tully, M. A. (2020). Consequences of physical inactivity in older adults: A systematic review of reviews and meta-analyses. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, 30(5), 816–827. https://doi.org/10.1111/sms.13616

    NURS FPX 5005 Assessment 2 Quantitative and Qualitative Research Publication Critique

    Florence, C. S., Bergen, G., Atherly, A., Burns, E., Stevens, J., & Drake, C. (2018). Medical costs of fatal and nonfatal falls in older adults. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 66(4), 693–698. https://doi.org/10.1111/jgs.15304

    Langhammer, B., Bergland, A., & Rydwik, E. (2018). The importance of physical activity exercise among older people. BioMed Research International, 2018(1), 1–3. https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/7856823

    Parker, M., Pearson, C., Donald, C., & Fisher, C. B. (2019). Beyond the Belmont Principles: A community‐based approach to developing an indigenous ethics model and curriculum for training health researchers working with American Indian and Alaska native communities. American Journal of Community Psychology, 64(1-2), 9–20. https://doi.org/10.1002/ajcp.12360

    Vaishya, R., & Vaish, A. (2020). Falls in older adults are serious. Indian Journal of Orthopaedics, 54(1), 69–74. https://doi.org/10.1007/s43465-019-00037-x

    NURS FPX 5005 Assessment 2 Quantitative and Qualitative Research Publication Critique