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NURS FPX 4060 Assessment 2 Community Resources

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    NURS FPX 4060 Assessment 2 Community Resources

    Student Name

    Capella University

    NURS FPX 4060 Practicing in the Community to Improve Population Health

    Prof. Name

    Date

    Community Resources: World Health Organization

    The World Health Organization (WHO), a specialized agency within the United Nations, focuses on addressing global public health issues. Since its establishment in 1948, the WHO has played a vital role in tackling various health challenges and fostering well-being worldwide. The organization primarily targets the prevention and control of infectious diseases, the fortification of health systems, and the promotion of fair access to healthcare services. This report intends to offer a comprehensive examination of how the WHO contributes to the enhancement of public health and safety, supports equal opportunities, and improves the quality of life in communities across the globe. Additionally, the report will delve into the organization’s mission and vision, its strategies for surmounting health equity barriers, and the potential consequences of funding sources, policies, and legislation on its service provision.

    Mission, Vision, and Public Health and Safety Improvements

    The WHO’s mission, to build a better, healthier future for people globally, and its vision, ensuring that all people enjoy the highest possible level of health, drive the organization’s focus on public health and safety improvements. These guiding principles enable the WHO to develop and implement a wide range of initiatives that target various aspects of public health, from infectious diseases to non-communicable conditions (Rudnicka et al., 2020).

    An initiative that exemplifies the organization’s adherence to its mission and vision is the WHO’s Mental Health Action Plan 2013-2030. This plan is designed to foster mental well-being, prevent mental disorders, offer care, facilitate recovery, and decrease morbidity, disability, and mortality associated with mental health conditions. The plan outlines four primary objectives (WHO, 2022):

    1. Reinforce effective leadership and governance for mental health.
    2. Deliver comprehensive, integrated, and responsive mental health and social care services in community-based settings.
    3. Develop and execute strategies for mental health promotion and prevention.
    4. Enhance information systems, evidence, and research for mental health.
    NURS FPX 4060 Assessment 2 Community Resources

    By concentrating on these objectives, the Mental Health Action Plan demonstrates the WHO’s commitment to advancing public health and safety in accordance with its mission and vision. The plan recognizes the necessity for a comprehensive approach to mental health, which encompasses not only the treatment of mental disorders but also the promotion of mental well-being and prevention of mental health issues (Abdulmalik et al., 2019).

    The execution of the Mental Health Action Plan has resulted in heightened awareness, increased capacity-building, and better mental health services in numerous countries. This initiative has positively impacted the lives of millions, aligning with the organization’s broader goals and contributing to the global push for public health and safety (Evans-Lacko et al., 2019).

    Promoting Equal Opportunity and Improving Quality of Life

    The WHO’s capacity to foster equal opportunity and enhance the quality of life in communities is demonstrated by its all-encompassing approach to addressing the social, cultural, economic, and physical barriers that affect health equity. The organization formulates and executes various strategies and programs aimed at reducing these barriers and their consequences for both the organization and the communities it supports.

    Social barriers

    The WHO acknowledges the influence of social determinants on health, such as education, social support, and employment. As a result, it established the Commission on Social Determinants of Health (CSDH), which produced the report “Closing the Gap in a Generation: Health Equity Through Action on the Social Determinants of Health.” This report offers evidence-based suggestions for combating health disparities and serves as a resource for governments and organizations worldwide.

    One recommendation involves the establishment of universal health coverage (UHC), which guarantees that all people and communities can access quality healthcare services without encountering financial difficulties. Another proposal entails creating culturally sensitive health initiatives that acknowledge and accommodate the varied cultural backgrounds of the populations being served. By concentrating on these approaches, the WHO efficiently tackles health inequalities and acts as a crucial resource for governments and organizations globally in their endeavors to advocate for equal opportunity and enhance the quality of life in their communities (Clifford, 2022).

    Cultural barriers

    The WHO recognizes the impact of cultural factors on health-seeking behaviors and access to healthcare services. A notable example is the organization’s work on reducing mental health stigma. The WHO endorses initiatives such as the Quality Rights program, which aims to alter attitudes and behaviors towards mental health conditions, ensuring that individuals with mental health issues are treated with dignity and respect while accessing culturally appropriate care (Fam et al., 2021).

    Economic barriers

    Economic factors, including income and financial limitations, greatly influence healthcare access. The WHO’s emphasis on Universal Health Coverage (UHC) addresses this concern by working to ensure that all individuals and communities have access to quality health services without encountering financial hardship. The UHC initiative incorporates elements such as access to a comprehensive range of health services, financial risk protection, and equity in access to care, aiming to eliminate disparities in healthcare availability and accessibility (Ahmed et al., 2023).

    Physical barriers

    Geographical remoteness and lack of transportation can hinder access to healthcare services. The WHO supports initiatives that bring healthcare services closer to underserved communities. One example is the Integrated Community Case Management (iCCM) strategy, which trains community health workers to diagnose and treat common illnesses, such as pneumonia, diarrhea, and malaria, in hard-to-reach areas. By empowering local health workers, the iCCM strategy ensures that even remote communities can access essential healthcare services, thus contributing to overall health equity and improved quality of life (Clifford, 2022).

    Impact of Funding Sources, Policy, and Legislation

    The WHO’s funding sources, policy, and legislation play a crucial role in shaping its service delivery and consequently the overall health outcomes for communities worldwide. An in-depth analysis of these factors highlights the possible consequences of funding decisions, policy, and legislation on the well-being of community members.

    Funding Sources

    The WHO receives funding from various sources, including government, non-governmental organizations, private sector partners, and philanthropic organizations. These funding sources can influence the organization’s priorities, potentially leading to certain areas receiving more attention and resources than others. For instance, in the past, the WHO has faced criticism for prioritizing specific diseases, like HIV/AIDS, over broader public health concerns, such as strengthening health systems. This can lead to imbalances in resource allocation, which may impact the quality and accessibility of healthcare services for community members (Danforth et al., 2023). An example of a potential implication for community members is the lack of resources allocated to less prominent but equally important health issues, leading to inadequate prevention and care services (Cerda et al., 2023).

    Policies

    The policies formulated and executed by the WHO have a considerable impact on guiding the organization’s endeavors and the efficacy of its initiatives. For example, the WHO’s policy on universal health coverage (UHC) has led to increased emphasis on ensuring equitable access to healthcare services for all, regardless of their socio-economic status. This policy has a direct impact on community members by advocating for the removal of financial barriers to healthcare access and promoting the availability of comprehensive health services for all. A potential implication for community members is improved access to essential healthcare services, leading to better health outcomes and reduced health disparities (Danforth et al., 2023).

    Legislation

    National and global legislation influence the WHO’s activities as they define the health environment and determine the organization’s mandate. For instance, the International Health Regulations (IHR), a legally binding agreement among 196 nations, directs the WHO’s efforts in preventing, safeguarding, managing, and addressing public health crises. The IHR mandates countries to establish and maintain core competencies to detect, evaluate, report, and react to public health threats, which has consequences for community members regarding access to healthcare services and overall health security. One possible consequence for community members is improved preparedness and response capacities in the face of public health emergencies, leading to decreased risk and enhanced health security at the community level (Jokela et al., 2023).

    Involvement of Nurses with the Organization

    Through its programs and guidelines, the WHO’s work has a significant impact on local communities’ health and safety needs. Nurses can play a critical role in translating the organization’s work into tangible benefits for communities. Nurses can engage with the WHO by participating in policy development, collaborating on research, or implementing WHO guidelines in clinical practice. Involvement with the organization enables nurses to address health and safety needs at the local level effectively (Storer et al., 2023). For instance, by joining policy advisory groups, collaborating on research projects, and adhering to WHO guidelines, nurses ensure they provide the highest quality care to their patients and contribute to improving the overall well-being of the communities they serve.

    Conclusion

    The World Health Organization plays a vital role in enhancing public health and safety, promoting equal opportunity, and improving the quality of life within communities worldwide. The organization’s mission, vision, and various initiatives work together to tackle diverse health challenges, address health disparities, and ensure access to quality healthcare for all. By understanding the organization’s mission, vision, and initiatives, as well as the impact of funding sources, policies, and legislation on its service delivery, nurses can identify opportunities for involvement and contribute meaningfully to the WHO’s efforts. Through active engagement with the organization, nurses can use their expertise to make a difference in global health and the well-being of communities they serve.

    Through proactive involvement with the organization, nurses can apply their knowledge and insights to influence policies, participate in research, and adopt evidence-based practices in their clinical roles, ultimately resulting in a positive impact on worldwide health and the well-being of the communities they serve. This cooperative strategy ensures that the WHO’s efforts persist in progressing towards its objectives and establishing a healthier, more secure world for all.

    References

    Ahmed, A., Hossain, F., Abedin, N., Islam, R., Shah, F., & Hoshino, H. (2023). Digital Healthcare and a Social Business Model to Ensure Universal Health Coverage (UHC): A Case Study of Bangladesh. Base of the Pyramid and Business Process Outsourcing Strategies, 43–73. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-19-8171-5_3 

    Abdulmalik, J., Olayiwola, S., Docrat, S., Lund, C., Chisholm, D., & Gureje, O. (2019). Sustainable financing mechanisms for strengthening mental health systems in Nigeria. International Journal of Mental Health Systems, 13(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13033-019-0293-8

    Clifford, M. B. (2022). Clifford, M. B. (2022). Exploring the role of health in policy responses to homelessness: an in-depth explanatory case study of policy action on the social determinants of health equity (Doctoral dissertation). The University of Sydney.Ses.library.usyd.edu.au. https://ses.library.usyd.edu.au/handle/2123/28012 

    Cerda, I. H., Macaranas, A. R., Liu, C. H., & Chen, J. A. (2023). Strategies for naming and addressing structural racism in immigrant mental health. American Journal of Public Health, 113(S1), S72–S79. https://doi.org/10.2105/ajph.2022.307165 

    NURS FPX 4060 Assessment 2 Community Resources

    Evans-Lacko, S., Hanlon, C., Alem, A., Ayuso-Mateos, J. L., Chisholm, D., Gureje, O., Jordans, M., Kigozi, F., Lempp, H., Lund, C., Petersen, I., Shidhaye, R., Thornicroft, G., & Semrau, M. (2019). Evaluation of capacity-building strategies for mental health system strengthening in low- and middle-income countries for service users and caregivers, policymakers and planners, and researchers. BJPsych Open, 5(5). https://doi.org/10.1192/bjo.2019.14 

    Fam, K.-S., Liat Cheng, B., Cham, T.-H., Tan Chia Yi, M., & Ting, H. (2021). The role of cultural differences in customer retention: Evidence from the high-contact service industry. Journal of Hospitality & Tourism Research, 109634802110149. https://doi.org/10.1177/10963480211014944 

    Danforth, K., Ahmad, A. M., Blanchet, K., Khalid, M., Means, A. R., Memirie, S. T., Alwan, A., & Watkins, D. (2023). Monitoring and evaluating the implementation of essential packages of health services. BMJ Global Health, 8(Suppl 1), e010726. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjgh-2022-010726 

    Jokela, J., Creutz, K., Saul, A., Helwig, N., Sinkkonen, V., Kronlund, A., Kallio, J., Nizhnikau, R., & Ketola, J. (2023, February 28). Multilateral cooperation in an era of strategic competition : Options for influence for Finland and the European Union Julkaisut.valtioneuvosto.fi. https://julkaisut.valtioneuvosto.fi/handle/10024/164671 

    NURS FPX 4060 Assessment 2 Community Resources

    World Health Organization. (2022, June 16). World mental health report: Transforming mental health for all. University of Maryland Health Sciences and Human Services Library. https://archive.hshsl.umaryland.edu/handle/10713/20295 

    Rudnicka, E., Napierała, P., Podfigurna, A., Męczekalski, B., Smolarczyk, R., & Grymowicz, M. (2020). The World Health Organization (WHO) approach to healthy ageing. Maturitas, 139(139), 6–11. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.maturitas.2020.05.018

    Storer, H. L., Scott, C. F., Eggleston, M., Shulruff, T., & Rodriguez, M. Y. (2023). Reimagining social work’s digital future: The critical role of interdisciplinary tech partnerships. Journal of Social Work Education, 1–16. https://doi.org/10.1080/10437797.2023.2186994