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NURS FPX 4060 Assessment 1 Health Promotion Plan

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    NURS FPX 4060 Assessment 1 Health Promotion Plan

    Student Name

    Capella University

    NURS FPX 4060 Practicing in the Community to Improve Population Health

    Prof. Name

    Date

    Health Promotion Plan: Teen Pregnancy

    In addressing the ongoing issue of teen pregnancy, it is crucial to develop a comprehensive health promotion plan that targets the root causes and offers appropriate support to the affected individuals. Teen pregnancy not only affects the young mother and her child but also has widespread implications on families, communities, and public health systems. The consequences of early childbearing can include social, economic, and health-related challenges.

    This health promotion plan is designed to mitigate the problem of teen pregnancy within a specific target population. By providing targeted education, support, and resources, the plan aims to foster positive behavior changes that contribute to improved health outcomes and overall well-being for the individuals involved and their communities. In this introduction, we will discuss the context of the issue, outline the target population, and present the goals and objectives of the proposed health promotion plan. The plan will be structured to address the needs of the target population, focusing on prevention strategies, awareness, and education programs to empower adolescents in making informed decisions about their reproductive health.

    In-depth Analysis of the Community Health Concern

    Teen pregnancy is a pressing issue that affects individuals, families, and communities on various levels. Teen pregnancy is linked to various negative consequences, such as diminished educational achievements, a heightened likelihood of living in poverty, and suboptimal health outcomes for both the mother and her child (Nkhoma et al., 2020). This in-depth analysis of teen pregnancy as a community health concern will discuss the contributing factors, underlying assumptions, and points of uncertainty in the analysis.

    Numerous factors contribute to teen pregnancy, including socio-economic status, lack of comprehensive sex education, family history, cultural beliefs, and limited access to contraception (Malunga et al., 2023). It is essential to understand that these factors often intersect and interact in complex ways, making it difficult to pinpoint a single cause or solution. The analysis assumes that addressing the contributing factors can help to reduce the risk of teen pregnancy among vulnerable populations. It also assumes that targeted interventions will be effective in addressing the complex interplay of these factors.

    However, it is essential to acknowledge that there may be other, unknown factors influencing the rates of teen pregnancy that are not addressed in this analysis. While research has identified several factors contributing to teen pregnancy, there is still some uncertainty surrounding the relative importance of these factors and the most effective ways to address them (Meyer et al., 2021). Additionally, there may be variations in how these factors affect different populations, leading to uncertainty in the generalizability of the findings. Furthermore, the effectiveness of specific interventions may vary depending on the context and target population.

    Importance of Health Promotion for the Chosen Population

    The target population for this health promotion plan includes female teenagers aged 15-19 residing in an economically disadvantaged urban community, predominantly consisting of African American and Hispanic individuals. This population is particularly susceptible to the health concern of teen pregnancy due to a variety of factors. Addressing teen pregnancy in this population is crucial for promoting health equity and reducing disparities in health outcomes.

    • Lower socio-economic status: Research has shown that young women from low-income backgrounds are more likely to experience teen pregnancy (Akanbi et al., 2021). This may be due to limited access to resources, education, and support services that can help prevent unintended pregnancies.
    • Limited access to comprehensive sex education: All-inclusive sex education plays a crucial role in preventing adolescent pregnancies. However, many low-income neighborhoods have inadequate or no access to such programs, leaving young women uninformed about their reproductive health and contraceptive options (Moniz et al., 2022).
    • Cultural beliefs and norms regarding early childbearing: In some cultural contexts, early childbearing may be considered acceptable or even desirable. These beliefs can contribute to higher rates of teen pregnancy within specific populations, as they may not view early pregnancy as a health concern (Browman et al., 2019).
    • Reduced access to contraception and reproductive health services: Restricted availability of birth control methods and reproductive healthcare facilities may contribute to increased instances of teenage pregnancy. This issue is often exacerbated in low-income neighborhoods, where access to healthcare providers and clinics may be limited (Akanbi et al., 2021).
    NURS FPX 4060 Assessment 1 Health Promotion Plan

    By directing educational initiatives and support to this demographic, we can enable these young females to make knowledgeable choices regarding their reproductive well-being and future prospects. Addressing teen pregnancy in this population is crucial for promoting health equity, reducing disparities in health outcomes, and ultimately improving the overall well-being of the community.

    Establishing Agreed-Upon Health Goals with Hypothetical Participants

    To establish health goals that are realistic, measurable, and attainable, we collaborated with hypothetical participants in the development of the health promotion plan. In the targeted group of female adolescents aged 15-19 living in a low-income urban neighborhood with a predominantly African American and Hispanic demographic, there was a need to address factors contributing to teen pregnancy such as socio-economic status, limited access to comprehensive sex education, cultural beliefs, and reduced access to contraception and reproductive health services.

    To promote positive behavior changes related to reproductive health, we established three SMART goals that are specific, measurable, achievable, realistic, and time-bound. These goals aim to increase knowledge of effective contraception methods, decrease unprotected sexual activity, and increase confidence in discussing sexual health.

    NURS FPX 4060 Assessment 1 Health Promotion Plan
    1. The first goal is to increase the percentage of participants who can accurately identify at least three effective methods of contraception by 75% within three months after the educational session. By increasing knowledge of effective contraception methods, participants can make informed decisions about their reproductive health. This goal will be measured through pre- and post-tests that assess the participants’ knowledge of various contraceptive options (Taylor et al., 2019).
    2. The second goal is to decrease the self-reported rate of unprotected sexual activity among participants by 50% within six months after the educational session. By reducing the rate of unprotected sexual encounters, we can lower the risk of unintended pregnancies and promote safer sexual practices among participants. This goal will be measured through self-reported surveys administered at the six-month follow-up (Lohan et al., 2022).
    3. The third goal is to increase the percentage of participants who report feeling confident in discussing contraception and sexual health with a partner or healthcare provider by 60% within three months after the educational session. Empowering young women to communicate openly and effectively about their sexual health can contribute to healthier relationships and better reproductive health outcomes. This goal will be measured through post-session surveys that assess participants’ confidence in discussing sexual health  (Taylor et al., 2019).

    To ensure that the targeted population receives the support and education necessary to make positive changes in their reproductive health behaviors, we will conduct a series of awareness sessions in collaboration with local community organizations and healthcare providers. These sessions will be designed to provide information and support related to reproductive health, including contraception, healthy relationships, and communication skills. We will also utilize social media platforms to disseminate educational materials and reach a broader audience.

    NURS FPX 4060 Assessment 1 Health Promotion Plan

    The success of the health promotion plan will be evaluated based on the attainment of these SMART goals, and the plan will take approximately six months to execute, including the development and implementation of the educational sessions as well as the evaluation process. By involving hypothetical participants in the establishment of these SMART goals, we aim to ensure that the goals are relevant and realistic for the targeted population.

    Conclusion

    The proposed health promotion plan aims to address the critical issue of teen pregnancy in a vulnerable population. This strategy aims to concentrate on education and assistance to empower young females in making well-informed choices about their reproductive well-being, resulting in enhanced health results and diminished inequalities. With the successful implementation of this plan and achievement of the established SMART goals, we can contribute to the broader effort of promoting health equity and improving the well-being of our communities.

    References

    Akanbi, M. A., Ope, B. W., Adeloye, D. O., Amoo, E. O., Iruonagbe, T. C., & Omojola, O. (2021). Influence of socio-economic factors on prevalence of teenage pregnancy in Nigeria. African Journal of Reproductive Health, 25(5s), 138–146. https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ajrh/article/view/221412

    Browman, A. S., Destin, M., Kearney, M. S., & Levine, P. B. (2019). How economic inequality shapes mobility expectations and behaviour in disadvantaged youth. Nature Human Behaviour, 3(3), 214–220. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41562-018-0523-0 

    Lohan, M., Brennan-Wilson, A., Hunter, R., Gabrio, A., McDaid, L., Young, H., French, R., Aventin, Á., Clarke, M., McDowell, C., Logan, D., Toase, S., O’Hare, L., Bonell, C., Gillespie, K., Gough, A., Lagdon, S., Warren, E., Buckley, K., & Lewis, R. (2022). Effects of gender-transformative relationships and sexuality education to reduce adolescent pregnancy (the JACK trial): A cluster-randomised trial. The Lancet Public Health, 7(7), e626–e637. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2468-2667(22)00117-7 

    NURS FPX 4060 Assessment 1 Health Promotion Plan

    Malunga, G., Sangong, S., Saah, F. I., & Bain, L. E. (2023). Prevalence and factors associated with adolescent pregnancies in Zambia: A systematic review from 2000–2022. Archives of Public Health, 81(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13690-023-01045-y

    Meyer, A. N. D., Giardina, T. D., Khawaja, L., & Singh, H. (2021). Patient and clinician experiences of uncertainty in the diagnostic process: Current understanding and future directions. Patient Education and Counseling, 104(11). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pec.2021.07.028 

    Moniz, M. H., Spector-Bagdady, K., Perritt, J. B., Heisler, M., Loder, C. M., Wetmore, M. K., & Harris, L. H. (2022). Balancing enhanced contraceptive access with risk of reproductive injustice: A United States comparative case study. Contraception, 113, 88–94. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.contraception.2022.04.004 

    NURS FPX 4060 Assessment 1 Health Promotion Plan

    Nkhoma, D. E., Lin, C.-P., Katengeza, H. L., Soko, C. J., Estinfort, W., Wang, Y.-C., Juan, S.-H., Jian, W.-S., & Iqbal, U. (2020). Girls’ empowerment and adolescent pregnancy: A Systematic Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(5), 1664. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17051664

    Taylor, R. J., Shade, K., Lowry, S. J., & Ahrens, K. (2019). Evaluation of reproductive health education in transition-age youth. Children and Youth Services Review, 104530. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2019.104530