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Capella 4060 Assessment 1

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    Capella 4060 Assessment 1

    Capella 4060 Assessment 1 Health Promotion Plan

    Student Name

    Capella University

    NURS-FPX 4060 Practicing in the Community to Improve Population Health

    Prof. Name


    Health Promotion Plan

    This assessment presents a comprehensive health promotion plan focusing on the mitigation of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) in a specific low-income African-American community in New York City. The plan elaborates on the critical concerns, establishes SMART goals, and underscores the importance of community collaboration and cultural sensitivity in health promotion efforts.

    Analysis of Community Health Concern – Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS)

    Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) has been selected as the health concern for the hypothetical health promotion plan. The term ‘SIDS’ or ‘crib death’ refers to the unexplained death, usually during sleep, of seemingly healthy babies less than a year old. Despite extensive research, the exact cause of SIDS remains elusive, leading to uncertainty and fear among parents and caregivers. SIDS is unpredictable and unpreventable, which further underscores the need for rigorous health promotion strategies to educate communities on risk reduction methods and safe sleep practices (Cox, 2022).

    The chosen population for this health promotion plan is African-American parents and caregivers of infants aged 0-12 months residing in an urban, low-income neighborhood of Brownsville in Brooklyn, New York City. This population group has been selected due to the higher incidence of SIDS observed among African-American infants compared to their white counterparts. The demographic characteristics of this population group include lower income and education levels, higher unemployment rates, and single-parent households. The targeted group predominantly consists of young mothers, in their late teens or early twenties, often living in multi-generational households.

    Capella 4060 Assessment 1

    The health promotion plan involves conducting six one-hour educational sessions spread over six weeks. The sessions will include discussions and educational activities on SIDS, risk factors, safe sleep practices, and navigating economic and social barriers to safe sleep. Each session will have a specific focus. For instance, the first session may focus on understanding SIDS and its impact, the second on recognizing risk factors, the third on safe sleep practices, and so forth. Participants’ learning will be assessed through verbal recaps, quizzes, and group discussions at the end of each session. Additionally, participants’ adoption of safe sleep practices and their ability to identify and mitigate risk factors will be evaluated in follow-up sessions and surveys to gauge the effectiveness of the educational sessions and make any necessary adjustments

    Importance of Addressing SIDS for Health Promotion within a Specific Population

    Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) is a pressing health concern, notably within African-American communities in an urban, low-income neighborhood of Brownsville in Brooklyn, New York City. The importance of addressing SIDS becomes evident when we examine the statistics. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), as of 2018, the SIDS rate among African-American infants was more than twice that of their Caucasian counterparts, with a rate of 170.3 deaths per 100,000 live births compared to 66.7 deaths per 100,000 among Caucasians (CDC, 2020). This stark disparity highlights the urgent need to focus on SIDS as a significant health concern within this community.

    Social Factors: Given the close-knit nature of many African-American communities, social relationships can profoundly influence health behaviors. Key influencers within these relationships, such as family elders, peers, and community leaders, can sway acceptance and application of safe sleep practices. A health promotion plan focusing on SIDS would need to actively engage these influencers, ensuring they receive proper education about SIDS and the importance of safe sleep practices (Harrison, 2022).

    Economic Factors: Lower income levels and socioeconomic barriers prevalent in this population may compromise the provision of a safe sleep environment for infants, elevating the risk of SIDS. For instance, parents working irregular hours or multiple jobs might resort to co-sleeping out of convenience, or lack of other safe alternatives. This information necessitates the integration of economic considerations into the health promotion plan, offering solutions like low-cost or no-cost safe sleep aids, or resources for obtaining cribs at reduced costs (Goldwater & Oberg, 2021).

    Capella 4060 Assessment 1

    Cultural Factors: Certain cultural beliefs and practices among African-Americans, such as bed-sharing or the use of soft bedding, might contribute to the elevated SIDS rates. These practices might be deeply ingrained and passed down through generations, making them harder to change. A well-crafted health promotion plan would respect and acknowledge these cultural practices while emphasizing the need for safe sleep practices. This might involve finding culturally sensitive ways to adapt these practices, or working towards creating a new cultural norm of safe sleep (Ahn et al., 2021).

    Establishment of Collaborative SMART Goals for SIDS Prevention

    The educational session will have certain goals developed in collaboration with the participants. The following SMART goals are established in collaboration with the participants:

    Goal 1 Understanding SIDS: By the end of the first one-hour session (T), the participants will be able to correctly define Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) and articulate two potential causes (S,R). The achievement of this goal is measurable through a short quiz at the end of the session (A,M)

    Goal 2 –  Identifying Risks: By the end of the first session (T), the participants will identify at least two unsafe sleep practices in their own households that potentially increase the risk of SIDS (S,R). The success of this goal is verifiable through individual sharing and discussion (A,M)

    Goal 3 – Implementing Safe Sleep Practices: Participants will list three recommended safe sleep practices to prevent SIDS by the close of the initial session (S,T). This goal is measurable through group discussion and a short quiz (A,M)

    Goal 4 – Resource Awareness: At the completion of the first session (T), participants will be able to name at least two community resources available to aid in providing a safe sleep environment for infants (S,R). The achievement of this goal is measurable through participant feedback (A,M). 


    In conclusion, addressing SIDS in this vulnerable community requires a multilayered, culturally sensitive approach that accounts for social, economic, and cultural factors. By establishing clear, measurable, and attainable SMART goals, the health promotion plan aims to foster significant behavior changes that ultimately improve infant health outcomes. Continued efforts to understand and work within the unique context of the targeted community will ensure the plan’s effectiveness and longevity.


    Ahn, Y. M., Yang, K., Ha, H. I., & Cho, J. A. (2021). Cultural variation in factors associated with sudden infant death during sleep. BMC Pediatrics, 21(1). 

    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2020). Sudden unexpected infant death and sudden infant death syndrome. 

    Cox, C. (2022). Their health is in our hands: A systematic review of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) in the United States and Ireland. Honors Theses. 

    Goldwater, P. N., & Oberg, E. O. (2021). Infection, celestial influences, and sudden infant death syndrome: A new paradigm. Cureus. 

    Harrison, L. (2022). Losing sleep: risk, responsibility, and infant sleep safety. In Google Books. NYU Press.

    Capella 4060 Assessment 1