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Capella 4030 Assessment 3

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    Capella 4030 Assessment 3

    Capella 4030 Assessment 3 PICO (T) Questions and an Evidence-Based Approach

    Student Name

    Capella University

    NURS-FPX 4030 Making Evidence-Based Decisions

    Prof. Name

    Date

    PICO(T) Question and an Evidence-Based Approach

    Evidence-based approaches play a crucial role in healthcare settings to enhance practices and improve patient care. The development of a PICOT question aligns evidence collection with targeted outcomes, ensuring relevance and credibility.

    Practice Issue and PICOT

    Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an inflammatory autoimmune disease affecting joints, causing pain, swelling, and deformity. Factors contributing to RA include age, sedentary behaviors, gender, and genetics. The PICOT question for RA focuses on improving evidence-based practices to achieve better outcomes in patient care.

    • P: Individuals diagnosed with RA.
    • I: Incorporation of both pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatments, including dietary interventions.
    • C: Comparing outcomes for patients undergoing both treatments against those receiving only drug therapies.
    • O: A measurable reduction in joint pain and swelling, with an overall enhancement in patient care quality.
    • T: An assessment period of 12 weeks, considering RA patients’ varying response rates based on factors like age and gender.

    Identification of Sources of Evidence

    To enhance evidence-based practices for RA treatment, careful identification and evaluation of research sources are essential. Notable studies by Kohler et al. (2019), Santos et al. (2019), and Philippou et al. (2020) provide insights into pharmacological and non-pharmacological interventions. The CRAAP test validates the relevance and credibility of these sources, with Santos et al. (2019) standing out for its comprehensive nature and patient-centric approach.

    Findings Explanation

    Medications for RA aim to alleviate joint pain and inflammation. Pharmacological interventions, including Glucocorticoids and Disease Modifying Anti-Rheumatic Drugs (DMARDs), provide relief. Non-pharmacological approaches, such as exercises and dietary modifications, contribute to patient-centered care. Kohler et al. (2019) and Philippou et al. (2020) offer credible insights for optimizing patient care.

    Relevancy of the Findings

    Evidence from Kohler et al. (2019) supports pharmacological interventions aligned with EULAR guidelines, while Santos et al. (2019) emphasizes the relevance of non-pharmacological treatments. Implementing these interventions in the PICOT framework aids healthcare professionals in achieving positive outcomes.

    Conclusion

    Treating RA involves a combination of drug and non-drug therapies. The PICOT question facilitates understanding evidence-based practices’ effectiveness, leading to improved patient care and reduced adverse effects of drug therapies. Integrating pharmacological and non-pharmacological interventions optimizes RA treatment and enhances the quality of patient care.

    References

    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2021). Rheumatoid Arthritis | CDC. www.cdc.gov.

    Köhler, B. M., et al. (2019). Current therapeutic options in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. Journal of Clinical Medicine, 8(7), 938. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm8070938

    McClinton, T. D. (2022). A guided search: Formulating a PICOT from assigned areas of inquiry. Worldviews on Evidence-Based Nursing, 19(5). https://doi.org/10.1111/wvn.12598

    Philippou, E., et al. (2020). Rheumatoid arthritis and dietary interventions: Systematic review of clinical trials. Nutrition Reviews, 79(4). https://doi.org/10.1093/nutrit/nuaa033

    Santos, E. J. F., et al. (2019). Effectiveness of non-pharmacological and non-surgical interventions for rheumatoid arthritis. JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports, 17(7), 1494–1531. https://doi.org/10.11124/jbisrir-d-18-00020

    Capella 4030 Assessment 3