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Capella 4030 Assessment 2

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    Capella 4030 Assessment 2

    Capella 4030 Assessment 2 Determining the Credibility of Evidence and Resources

    Student Name

    Capella University

    NURS-FPX 4030 Making Evidence-Based Decisions

    Prof. Name


    Determining the Credibility of Evidence and Resources

    The ability to locate credible resources and judge their quality is crucial for a baccalaureate-prepared nurse to improve clinical reasoning and judgment. In their practice, credible sources encourage confidence by providing considerable evidence that supports research findings. Implementing Evidence-Based Practice (EBP) requires incorporating the best, most current, and relevant research findings, expert opinions, established recommendations, and literature into clinical decision-making (Dagne et al., 2021). This article reviews carefully selected and reputable evidence under established standards to resolve diabetes-related issues.

    Evidence-Based Practice – Diabetes

    Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is a significant public health issue impacting over 400 million individuals globally. Diabetes is caused by insufficient insulin secretion, pancreatic cell damage, or insulin resistance due to insufficient use of insulin. The tendency to lead a life of inactivity is the primary factor for the global increase in diabetic patients. Diabetes is usually of two primary forms, i.e., type 1 and type 2. Type 1 diabetes is considered as an autoimmune disorder that impacts pancreatic cells and leads to reduced or impaired insulin production. Type 2 diabetes is caused by pancreatic beta cell failure, which limits an individual’s ability to use insulin efficiently (Padhi et al.,2020). 

    Diabetes mellitus is recognized as one of the four prominent non-communicable diseases that demand urgent attention from healthcare professionals worldwide to address its prevalence and related consequences. It is regarded as a top ten global cause of death. About 1.6 million individuals die due to diabetes each year (Oguntibeju, 2019). This makes it the third most substantial contributor to premature mortality on a global scale (Oguntibeju, 2019). Evidence-based diabetes care emphasizes patient-centered care. This takes into consideration individual choices and circumstances. This ensures that treatment procedures correspond to each patient’s needs (De Boer et al., 2020).

    Evidence-based diabetes management suggestions from the American Diabetes Association (ADA) provide healthcare practitioners with a complete foundation. These recommendations are essential tools that are constantly updated to reflect the most recent research. By following these evidence-based suggestions, healthcare practitioners ensure that patients receive the best care. It results in better clinical outcomes, diabetes control, and fewer complications. This EPB is vital in addressing the complicated and dynamic nature of diabetes in order to improve patient care quality (Blonde et al., 2022).

    Criteria That Determine the Credibility of Resources

    Nurses utilize Evidence-Based Practice (EBP) to ensure their selected articles’ reliability and reduce medical errors because patient safety is paramount. To assess the credibility of information sources for EBP in nursing, a valuable tool is the CRAAP test. It represents Currency, Relevance, Authority, Accuracy, and Purpose (Lowe et al., 2021). This evaluation method helps nurses make informed decisions about the suitability of sources, enhancing the quality of care they provide.

    For example, a study was published in “Diabetes Mellitus: An overview of the types, symptoms, complications, and management” to see how the CRAAP criteria is implemented (Cloete, 2021). This study meets the CRAAP criteria: The article’s currency is evident within the last five years. It indicates that it is relevant to current practices in the field. The author is from a healthcare background and has expertise in a related field. It establishes the study’s authority by providing them with reputable sources.

    Accuracy is ensured by solid support from prior investigations and validating the data presented. In the last, the article’s purpose is clear. It signifies its importance and relevance to the intended audience. It makes it a credible resource in respiratory and critical care medicine. Many online databases like CINAHL, PubMed, Medline, and Google Scholar provide an  extensive selection of credible and up-to-date research. Because of their complete coverage, user-friendly interfaces, free accessibility, and advanced research functions.

    Analyze the Credibility and Relevance of Evidence 

    Healthcare professionals improve their practices using the insights and knowledge gained from academic research on diabetes. This enables them to integrate evidence-based practice into their clinical approach. Evaluating new evidence for the treatment and management of diabetes, the following resources represented as potential additions to the evidence-based diabetic treatment through updates.

    Sebastian et al. (2023), study is a dependable resource that meets the essential criteria specified in CRAAP. This year’s article maintains its relevance as it is related to the topic of diabetes by providing valuable insights into diabetes and its associated symptoms. It upholds the criterion of authority because renowned people write it. It is published in authoritative journals and maintains accuracy by referencing earlier studies and establishing a knowledge continuum. The primary goal of this article is to add to nurses’ knowledge base by providing Evidence-Based Recommendations (EBR). Another study by Suryasa et al. (2021), meets the CRAAP requirements and was published two years ago.

    It shows its current relevance. It provides essential information about diabetes and its different types by supporting the title’s relevance and contextual value. Peer-reviewed journals and well-known authors support its authority. This article maintains its accuracy by referencing previous research. It ensures a continuous connection with the present body of knowledge. The primary goal of this article is to provide healthcare practitioners with a complete understanding of diabetes and its various kinds, allowing for evidence-based practice in managing this condition.

    Evidence-Based Practice Model

    In order to address quality, safety, and healthcare challenges, trustworthy evidence is incorporated into evidence-based practice. Evidence-based approaches contribute to more effective treatment and better patient outcomes in managing diseases like diabetes. The IOWA (Iowa Model of Research-Based Practice to Promote Quality Care) Model is a well-known healthcare framework that guides the incorporation of reliable research into practice.

    Using the IOWA Model, healthcare organizations ensure that the most recent evidence is incorporated into everyday clinical practices. It enhances care quality and patient outcomes (Chiwaula et al., 2021). Like other Evidence-Based Practice (EBP) frameworks, the Iowa Model distinguishes between implementation methods and processes. They utilize evidence to support healthcare decisions. The integrated steps within the Iowa Model for our selected diagnosis, like diabetes, are as follows:

    • By collecting and examining data to determine its prevalence, identify a healthcare problem within the organization, such as diabetes
    • Assess this problem’s severity by analyzing the reported cases, focusing on trends over specific periods.
    • Assemble a team of expert professionals to foster discussion and collaborative efforts in addressing the identified issue.
    • Employ the CRAAP criteria (Currency, Relevance, Authority, Accuracy, and Purpose) on evidence obtained from credible resources to ensure the quality and reliability of the information.
    • Engage critical thinking and reasoning to evaluate the possibility and potential impact of implementing a new practice or modifying existing ones.
    • Execute the chosen new practice or modification within the current healthcare protocols.
    • Analyze the outcomes to determine if the desired results are achieved by assessing the effectiveness of the implemented changes (Cullen et al., 2022).


    In conclusion, the significance of trustworthy resources and evidence-based practice in diabetes care is emphasized in healthcare. Healthcare practitioners assess the authenticity of information sources. They rely on well-established criteria like CRAAP.  It is crucial for improving patient care clinical outcomes and tackling the worldwide diabetes burden. Nurses and healthcare practitioners ensure the highest quality treatment for diabetic patients by committing to using the best available evidence.


    Blonde, L., Umpierrez, G. E., Reddy, S. S., McGill, J. B., Berga, S. L., Bush, M., Chandrasekaran, S., DeFronzo, R. A., Einhorn, D., Galindo, R. J., Gardner, T. W., Garg, R., Garvey, W. T., Hirsch, I. B., Hurley, D. L., Izuora, K., Kosiborod, M., Olson, D., Patel, S. B., & Pop-Busui, R. (2022). American association of clinical endocrinology clinical practice guideline: Developing a diabetes mellitus comprehensive care plan—2022 Update. Endocrine Practice, 28(10). 

    Chiwaula, C. H., Kanjakaya, P., Chipeta, D., Chikatipwa, A., Kalimbuka, T., Zyambo, L., Nkata, S., & Jere, D. L. (2021). Introducing evidence based practice in nursing care delivery, utilizing the Iowa model in intensive care unit at Kamuzu Central Hospital, Malawi. International Journal of Africa Nursing Sciences, 14(100272), 100272. 

    Cloete, L. (2021). Diabetes mellitus: An overview of the types, symptoms, complications and management. Nursing Standard, 37(1), 61–66. 

    Cullen, L., Hanrahan, K., Edmonds, S. W., Reisinger, H. S., & Wagner, M. (2022). Iowa implementation for sustainability framework. Implementation Science, 17(1). 

    Dagne, A. H., & Beshah, M. H. (2021). Implementation of evidence-based practice: The experience of nurses and midwives. Plos One, 16(8), e0256600. 

    Capella 4030 Assessment 2

    De Boer, I. H., Caramori, M. L., Chan, J. C. N., Heerspink, H. J. L., Hurst, C., Khunti, K., Liew, A., Michos, E. D., Navaneethan, S. D., Olowu, W. A., Sadusky, T., Tandon, N., Tuttle, K. R., Wanner, C., Wilkens, K. G., Zoungas, S., Lytvyn, L., Craig, J. C., Tunnicliffe, D. J., & Howell, M. (2020). Executive summary of the 2020 KDIGO Diabetes Management in CKD Guideline: Evidence-based advances in monitoring and treatment. Kidney International, 98(4), 839–848. 

    Lowe, M. S., Macy, K. V., Murphy, E., & Kani, J. (2021). Questioning CRAAP. Journal of the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning, 21(3). 

    Oguntibeju, O. O. (2019). Type 2 diabetes mellitus, oxidative stress and inflammation: Examining the links. International Journal of Physiology, Pathophysiology and Pharmacology, 11(3), 45–63. 

    Padhi, S., Nayak, A. K., & Behera, A. (2020). Type II diabetes mellitus: A review on recent drug based therapeutics. Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, 131(4), 110708. 

    Sebastian, M. J., Khan, S. K., Pappachan, J. M., & Jeeyavudeen, M. S. (2023). Diabetes and cognitive function: An evidence-based current perspective. World Journal of Diabetes, 14(2), 92–109. 

    Suryasa, I. W., Rodríguez-Gámez, M., & Koldoris, T. (2021). Health and treatment of diabetes mellitus. International Journal of Health Sciences, 5(1), i–v. 

    Capella 4030 Assessment 2